Cambridge Workforce 2002 - Present

Information and the size and the wages earned by the Cambridge workforce from 2001 through the present for years in which annual data is currently available.  Figures shown here reflect employment as categorized by the North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) in widespread use since 2002. Unless otherwise noted, all figures shown reflect employment.

For older information, go to Cambridge Workforce 1967 - 2002.

Download Data as Office Open XML (.xlsx)
YearFnTotal Annual Payroll (dollars)Avg# Annual Wage (dollars)Establish- mentsTotal(1)Constr- uctionManufac- turingTrade, Trans, and UtilitiesInform- ationFinancial ServicesProf And Business ServicesEduc and HealthLeisure and HospOther ServicesPublic Admin
2002 60159851375693639691056624457500811498523127062500037787902722192694
2003 60813034175894039691031774138481711019498725412345438227906122342674
2004 6318523578634403970995912947355011034487125692389237154875721982598
2005 68020930586650838191022722516356411205520623702494938046904222632639
2006 71678224806806838681053111996350310853478625662714840614908721882551
2007 79670058347384440331077301413399610947438726182921641189905023142581
2008 87453498948054841011085441218385410694421925233143239633914624443357
2009 8589447496807044132106405994384710172371624783091039404901824613341
2010 8966057221822644285104020104730069481335527883155937050936723853914
2011 10336805859978604445105628105727759529385328243288237786950023812979


  1. Industry definitions mirror those used by North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) code system. Natural Resources and Mining firms are not included in the industry breakdown but are included in total employment. 
  2. The 2001 figures are equivalent to those found in the preceding table. The data has been recoded using the NAICS system, which replaced the SIC system.. 

Source: Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Executive Office of Labor and Workforce Development, ES-202 Series, 2012.

For more current workforce data see the table Cambridge Workforce 2002 to Present, which uses the NAICS classification system.

Frequently Asked Questions about This Information

Where does this information come from?

 The information in this table derives from reports filed by establishments subject to either the Massachusetts Employment Security Law (1967 to present) or the Compensation for Federal Employees Law (1980 to present).

What population of workers does the table cover?

This table provide information about members of the Cambridge workforce, i. e., persons who work in Cambridge regardless of home address; it does not refer solely to Cambridge residents. The only workers included are those covered by either of the two laws cited above.

Which workers are not included?

Firms and employed persons not subject to the unemployment tax are not included in these statistics. The only employees currently excluded from coverage are those of religious organizations, smaller agricultural firms, certain domestic services, self employment and unpaid family service. Railroad employees are covered by a separate law and their employment in Cambridge, if any, is not included above.

Has the population of covered workers changed over time?

Beginning on January 1, 1972 most non-profit organizations formed and operated for religious, charitable, scientific, literary, educational or certain other purposes became covered by the Massachusetts Employment Security Law, and this change is reflected as of the same year the table. On January 1, 1978 coverage was extended to most employees of state and local government, of non-profit pre-elementary, elementary and secondary schools and of certain larger agricultural establishments, as well as to certain domestic workers. The data series first incorporates the 1978 changes in 1980.

So which religious workers are and are not covered?

Religious workers who perform primarily religious duties are not covered, including priests, ministers and rabbis. Employees of religious organizations who perform primarily secular functions are included in the table as of 1972, including parochial school teachers and social workers.

Do firms with multiple locations pose reporting problems?

Note that the reporting problems of large employers may result in either under or over reporting of employment. Large employers, such as utilities may attribute all employment to an office located in a central location, rather than to multiple locations. Abrupt increases or decreases in employment may result from a change in reporting by a multi-location employer. A number of such reporting problems have been resolved over time, improving the quality of the data series. However, this problem makes year to year comparisons somewhat problematic.

For More Information

For additional information about the ES-202 data series, see the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages Home Page hosted by the U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, and the Employment and Wages page in the Massachusetts Executive Office of Labor and Workforce Development web site.

For information SIC codes go to the OSHA SIC web site.

For information about NAICS codes go to the Census NAICS web site.

For more information about socioeconomic and demographic statistics about Cambridge, please contact Cliff Cook,, Planning Information Manager, at 617/349-4656.