Building Energy Use Disclosure Ordinance

The Building Energy Use Disclosure Ordinance was enacted by the Cambridge City Council on July 28, 2014. The ordinance is a key step in efforts to reduce Cambridge's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. 

Energy use in buildings accounts for about 80% of GHG emissions in Cambridge, with two-thirds of the total related to commercial, institutional, and large multifamily buildings.  Efforts to improve the energy performance of our building stock is hampered by the invisible nature of energy use. 

The ordinance is intended to address this problem by requiring owners of larger buildings to track and report annual energy use to the City and publicly disclose the data.  Disclosure places the information in the marketplace, where various users such as potential property buyers, tenants, realtors, energy service providers, and others can use the data and to help create value for higher energy performing properties.  The data will also aid the City and others in planning for higher energy performance in our building stock. 

The ordinance is a foundational strategy for various community sustainability initiatives including the Community Compact for a Sustainable Future, Kendall Square Ecodistrict, and efforts to move the community toward net zero emissions.

Which Buildings are Covered by the Ordinance

By December 31, 2014

  • Municipal buildings 10,000 S. F. or greater

By May 1, 2015

  • Municipal buildings 10,000 S. F. or greater
  • Parcels with non-residential buildings singly or together contain 50,000 S. F. or greater
  • Parcels with residential buildings singly or together contain 50 or more units

By May 1, 2016 and thereafter

  • Municipal buildings 10,000 S. F. or greater
  • Parcels with non-residential buildings singly or together contain 25,000 S. F. or greater
  • Parcels with residential buildings singly or together contain 50 or more units

The Community Development Department has developed lists of buildings that fall on parcels covered by the ordinance.  The lists indicate the map-lot number, street address, and unique building identification number for each building.  Under the ordinance, these buildings must be benchmarked in the Energy Star Portfolio Manager tool and reported to the Community Development Department by May 1, 2015.  Any questions about these buildings and the applicability of the ordinance should be submitted to the City via  Please note that while the City is continuing to contact individual property owners about the ordinance requirements, the ordinance applies whether the owners have been contacted or not.

What Does the Ordinance Require

Building owners will be required to track their energy (i.e., electricity, natural gas, steam, and fuel oil) and water use and report it to the Community Development Department annually through the U.S. EPA’s Energy Star Portfolio Manager tool.  The web-based tool requires the user to input monthly energy and water data and building information.  The tool processes the information to show energy use intensity (i. e., energy use per square foot), greenhouse gas emissions, and other metrics. 

The first year of energy data will not be disclosed, except for municipal buildings.  This will give the City time to work out any problems with private building reporting and also give owners an opportunity to improve their energy performance before the first year of disclosure.

Building Data and Technical Support

Eversource (formerly NSTAR) has created a building energy data portal to enable property owners to obtain building aggregated electricity and natural gas data.  Protections for tenant privacy are in place. 

For buildings on the Veolia district steam system, steam data can be requested by emailing

Water consumption data can be taken from bills or obtained from the Cambridge Water Department website.  For guidance on how to obtain water usage data, please see Fact Sheet - Water Use Benchmarking.

When entering data and information into Energy Star Portfolio Manager, it is important to include the building identification number for each building that is reported.  This is a unique number provided by the City, not by Portfolio Manager This number enables the City to ensure data quality and to verify that reports have been properly received.  The building ID numbers are provided on the lists of covered properties above.  It can also be found in the CityViewer tool.  A short video about how to find a building ID number in CityViewer can be viewed by clicking here.

CDD is offering outreach and training programs and technical assistance to make compliance easier.

BEUDO Help Desk for Technical Assistance

A help desk has been created to assist building owners, trustees, and their agents in complying with the ordinance.  The help desk is operated by ICF International, the City’s technical assistance consultant.  Questions can be directed to the help desk by contacting:

The help desk will respond to you as soon as possible and within one business day.

The help desk will cover the following types of questions:

  • Issues in using ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager®
  • Accessing energy data and building attribute information
  • General questions about the applicability of the ordinance

Any questions regarding the policy aspects of the ordinance should be directed to City at

Submitting Building Energy Report

Energy Star Portfolio Manager is the platform that is being used to submit the required report to the City once all data and information is entered.  Guidance is provided in the Reporting and Sharing on Portfolio Manager Fact Sheet.  Please be sure to include the Cambridge Building Identification Number (see above on how to find the ID number).  When building owners, trustees, or their agents are ready to submit a report, please click on the following:  Energy Reporting Template for 2014 Data.  The instructions for submitting the report are provided at the link.

What Will the City Do with the Data

Beginning in the second year of reporting, the City will post the energy use data on the City website.  The Community Development Department (CDD) is working with stakeholders to work out implementation issues, including the design of the website and provision of contextual information.  CDD will also analyze the data to understand energy use patterns and trends in Cambridge and issue reports and use the data in local energy planning.

2013 Municipal Building Report

Under the ordinance, the City of Cambridge is the first entity that is subject to the building energy use reporting and disclosure requirements.  Energy use data is reported for City-owned buildings that contain at least 10,000 square feet of floor area.  The following link leads to a summary of building energy statistics for the 2013 calendar year.  The City will report on 2014 energy data by May 1, 2015 along with private properties that are subject to the ordinance.

2013 Municipal Building Energy Data


Boston-Cambridge EPA Portfolio Manager Workshop February 3, 2015 Presentations:

Eversource Authorization Forms:

For More Information

For questions or more information, contact John Bolduc, Environmental Planner, at or 617/349-4628.