View of Alewife Brook

Stormwater Management

About Stormwater Management

Stormwater runoff is generated when precipitation from rain and snowmelt flows over land and does not soak into the ground. As runoff flows over impervious surfaces (paved streets, parking lots, and building rooftops), it accumulates debris, oil, pet waste, chemicals, sediment or other pollutants that could adversely affect the  quality of nearby waterways if untreated. 

Stormwater management is a combination of engineering, construction, site maintenance and public outreach efforts to address runoff quality and quantity.  Structural controls such as pipes, catch basins, and grit chambers are used to control both the quantity and rate of stormwater runoff and the quality of stormwater discharged to water bodies.  Non-structural controls such as water quality monitoring, vegetative swales, public education, and policies relative to pest management, fertilization and construction erosion control are also important. 

Runoff enters the storm drainage systems through catch basins.  Storm drains often lead directly to streams, rivers, lakes, or beaches. Cambridge storm drains discharge to the Charles River or to the Alewife Brook. Please don't dump!   

Who is responsible for projecting waterways?

Protecting the waterways is a joint responsibility between:

Residents

Developers and Contractors

Businesses 

Industry

What is the City doing to protect waterways?

Stormwater Management Program: 

The Cambridge Stormwater Management Program (SWMP) is a program of stormwater mitigation actions for the City of Cambridge based on the guidelines established under the Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) stormwater management program by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Stormwater Phase II Rule. The Stormwater Management Program was last updated on June 28, 2019 in accordance with the requirements of the 2016 MS4 Permit and Notice of Intent submitted to EPA on September 28, 2018.

The EPA MS4 Stormwater Phase II Program was created with the intention of improving the quality of the nation’s waterways by reducing the quantity of pollutants that stormwater picks up and carries into stormwater systems and discharges to surface water bodies. EPA requires that MS4 Phase II owners/operators reduce pollutants in stormwater to the maximum extent practicable (MEP) to protect water quality. 

The regulations specify that compliance with the MEP requirement can be attained by developing a SWMP that addresses the following six minimum control measures:

Control Measure

Objective

Public Education and Outreach Implement an education program that includes educational goals based on stormwater issues of significance within the City. Objective is to increase public knowledge and change behavior so that pollutants in stormwater are reduced.
Public Involvement and Participation Provide opportunities to engage the public to participate in the review and implementation of the SWMP.
Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination (IDDE) Program Implement an IDDE program to systematically find and eliminate sources of non-stormwater discharges to the municipal separate storm sewer system and implement procedures to prevent such discharges.
Construction Site Stormwater Runoff Control Implement a construction site program to minimize or eliminate erosion and maintain sediment on site 
Stormwater Management in New Development and Redevelopment (Post Construction Stormwater Management) Implement a program to reduce the discharge of pollutants found in stormwater through the retention or treatment of stormwater on site after construction is completed.
Good House Keeping and Pollution Prevention for Permittee Owned Operations Implement an operations and maintenance program for municipal-owned operations that has a goal of preventing or reducing pollutant runoff and protecting water quality.

Sewer Separation:

In Cambridge, the original sewer lines were engineered over 150 years ago as a combined system: sewage and rain water ran through the same pipes and discharged directly into the Charles River through tide gates. 

Separation of the combined sewer system began in the 1930’s. Separated systems are designed and constructed to convey only stormwater to the rivers and only sanitary waste to a treatment plant. Sewer separation continues today and the city‘s collection system currently include approximately 110 miles of sanitary sewer, 94 miles of stormwater drains, and 41 miles of combined sewer. Approximately 40% of the collection system owned and maintained by Cambridge has been separated.

During the past twenty years the City has increased its sewer separation and stormwater management efforts because of stricter environmental compliance regulations and a desire to provide a better quality to residents' daily lives. The City has developed a Ten Year Sewer and Drain Infrastructure Plan to prioritize construction and rehabilitation of the sewer and stormwater systems. 

The goals of sewer separation projects are:

  • Improving the quality of waterways in Cambridge
  • Reducing or eliminating combined sewer overflows
  • Reducing or eliminating sanitary sewer backups
  • Reducing flooding

To date, the City’s efforts have resulted in measurably cleaner rivers and significantly reduced street flooding. Today, dedicated sewer lines and the remaining combined sewer lines are conveyed to the Massachusetts Water Resources Authority’s Deer Island Treatment Plant through 15 miles of high-capacity state-owned combined sewer interceptors. During significant rainfall events combined sewer overflows can still occur and discharge untreated sewerage into the Charles River or the Alewife Brook.

What can residents do to protect waterways? 

  • Clean up after your dog
  • Use a rain barrel to capture rain for re-use instead of just letting it run off your property
  • Test your soil and read fertilizer labels carefully before applying to ensure you're using the right amount
  • Bag your yard clippings or compost them, just don't dump them in a storm drain or leave them on the sidewalk! Excess organic material rots in waterways, leading to pollution
  • Use de-icing agents smartly and sparingly- avoid salt whenever possible and apply only what is recommended on the package
  • Report Illegal Dumping: because catch basins are the entry points of the stormwater drainage system, residents are encouraged to report if they see anything illegal being dumped into them via the Commonwealth Connect App or by contacting the Department of Public Works at 617-349-4800 / theworks@cambridgema.gov. Items that should be reported include motor oil, antifreeze, soapy wash waters, pet waste, yard clippings and paint. 


Tips and FAQs

What is a catch basin?

A catch basin is a curbside receptacle whose function is to convey water from streets and other impervious surfaces into the storm drainage system. The design of this drainage structure includes a sump and hood that captures and temporarily stores some pollutants such as oils and sediment. Maintenance to clean out the sump removes the stored pollutants and prevents them from washing further into the storm drain system and into receiving waters such as the Charles River and Alewife Brook.

What do I do if I observe someone dumping trash and other pollutants into storm drains?

Only rain belongs down the storm drain system. Dumping into storm drains is illegal. To report illegal dumping in Cambridge, call 617.349.4800 or use the Commonwealth Connect app or website.

What is an impervious surface?

Impervious surface means those disturbed or hard surfaced areas that either prevent or restrict the natural entry of water into the soil. Rooftops, buildings, streets, parking lots, sidewalks, asphalt, concrete, other paving, driveways, gravel, patios, artificial turf and storage areas are all examples of impervious surfaces. Impervious areas effect natural infiltration, creates more runoff, increases the rate of runoff and alters runoff patterns of stormwater that drains from an area.

What kinds of pollutants are found in the storm drain system?

Paint thinner and paint products, used motor oil and antifreeze, pesticides and fertilizers, sediments containing heavy metals, cigarette butts, trash, human and animal feces, golf balls, dirty diapers, and dead animals are but a few of the many pollutants found in the system on a regular basis. We all have the ability to help reduce stormwater pollution by taking individual actions to pick up after our pets, dispose of trash and wastes properly, and use fertilizers and insecticides sparingly and wisely.

How do I order a rain barrel?

Cambridge teams up with the Great American Rainbarrel Company and offers a rain barrel promotion annually in the spring.  Rain barrels are pre-ordered and paid through the Great American Rainbarrel Company and picked up at the Public Works' maintenance yard on a single delivery night.  For more information, contact the Great American Rainbarrel Company and continue to check the Public Works website for yearly promotions.

Are sewers and storm drains the same thing?

Most of the time they are two completely separate systems. The sewer system, also known as the sanitary sewer or wastewater sewage system, conveys household, commercial and industrial wastewater through a separate plumbing system into an underground sewer pipe system. Wastewater in the sanitary sewer system is from sources such as water and waste from sinks, toilets, washers, and car washes, to name but a few. Discharges to the sanitary sewer system is conveyed and treated at the Deer Island Wastewater Treatment Plant prior to being discharged into Boston Harbor. The storm drain system on the other hand, discharges primarily untreated stormwater runoff directly into the Charles River or Alewife Brook. In Cambridge we also have combined sewer systems that carry both wastewater and stormwater in a single pipe. During small rain events all flows are treated and discharged at Deer Island, but during significant rain events the increased stormwater can cause untreated combined sewer overflows to the Charles River and Alewife Brook.

What watershed do I live in?

A watershed is made up of the land area that drains to a specific body of water.  Cambridge lies within two watersheds, the Charles River and Mystic River watersheds.  Everyone lives in a watershed.  Check out the Cambridge Watershed map.

What is stormwater and why is it a problem?

Stormwater is water from rain and snowmelt. As rain and snow falls to earth in forested and undeveloped areas, it is either absorbed or it slowly runs off and dissipates. In a dense urban environment like Cambridge, where rooftops and paved areas not only prevent the water from being absorbed, but also help it run off at a much faster rate, problems arise. Unmitigated, the stormwater could accumulate, causing nuisance flooding and possible threats to public health and safety. Flooding is only a part of the problem. As the rain falls onto our streets and runs off, it carries with it pollutants such as pet waste, gasoline, oil, and heavy metals. Pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers are washed from lawns and other green spaces. Sediments are eroded by wind and water from construction sites and unvegetated landscape areas. With the passage of time, these pollutants will buildup in our local waterways causing environmental damage.

Page was posted on 3/18/2019 6:08 PM
Page was last modified on 9/13/2019 12:07 PM
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